The State of Inequality in India Report
⇒ The State of Inequality in India Report was released by Dr Bibek Debroy, Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM) on 18 May 2022.
- The report compiles information on inequities across sectors of health, education, household characteristics and the labour market.
The report has been written by the Institute for Competitiveness and presents a holistic analysis of the depth and nature of inequality in India.
Consisting of two parts – Economic Facets and Socio-Economic Manifestations – the report looks at five key areas that influence the nature and experience of inequality.
- These are income distribution and labour market dynamics, health, education and household characteristics.
» The report is based on data derived from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), National Family and Health Survey (NFHS) and UDISE+.
» Each chapter is dedicated to explaining the current state of affairs, areas of concern, successes and failures in terms of infrastructural capacity and finally, the effect on inequality.
- For the first time, the report has been focused on the distribution of income to understand the capital flow.
- Extrapolation of the income data from PLFS 2019-20 has shown that a monthly salary of Rs 25,000 is already amongst the top 10% of total incomes earned, pointing towards some levels of income disparity.
- The country’s unemployment rate is 4.8% (2019-20), and the worker population ratio is 46.8%.
- In the area of health infrastructure, there has been a considerable improvement in increasing the infrastructural capacity with a targeted focus on rural areas.
- From 1,72,608 total health centres in India in 2005, total health centres in 2020 stand at 1,85,505.
- The results of NFHS-5 (2019-21) have shown that 70% of women received antenatal check-ups in the first trimester in 2019-21.
- Education and household conditions have improved enormously due to targeted efforts through several social protection schemes. This has happened especially in the area of water availability and sanitation that have increased the standard of living.
- By 2019-20, 95% of schools have functional toilet facilities on the school premises.
- 80.16% of schools have functional electricity connections. States and Union Territories like Goa, Tamil Nadu, Chandigarh, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep and Puducherry have achieved universal (100%) coverage of functional electricity connections.
- The Gross Enrolment Ratio has also increased between 2018-19 and 2019-20 at the primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary.
- According to NFHS-5 (2019-21), 97% of households have electricity access, 70% have improved access to sanitation, and 96% have access to safe drinking water.
Prestigious Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) award
⇒ Piramal Group Chairman Ajay Piramal has received the prestigious Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) award from Queen Elizabeth II.
Piramal has received the award for services to the UK-India trade relationship as India Co-Chair of the UK-India CEO Forum.
As co-chair of India-UK CEO forum since 2016, the endeavour has been to help strengthen the strong bilateral relations between the two countries through greater economic co-operation.
The Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) is awarded for having a prominent role at national level. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V.
12th Hockey India Senior Women National championship 2022
⇒ The 12th Hockey India Senior Women National championship 2022 was held from 06 May to 17 May, 2022 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
The final match was held on 17 May 2022 between Hockey Karnataka and Hockey Association of Odisha.
Odisha were crowned as the Champions of the 12th Hockey India Senior Women National Championship 2022 in Bhopal with a thrilling 2-0 victory over Karnataka in the final match.
- Jharkhand beat Haryana 3-2 to earn third-place finish.
4th edition of the Khelo India Youth Games
⇒ Khelo India Youth Games 2021 was held from 4 June to 13 June, 2022 in Haryana. It was the fourth edition of the Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG).
- Hosts Haryana won the Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG) 2021 title. Haryana won the KIYG title for the second time.
World Hypertension Day 2022
⇒ World Hypertension Day is observed every year on 17 May. World Hypertension Day is observed to raise awareness about the condition of hypertension in patients.
The theme for World Hypertension Day 2022 was “Measure your blood pressure, control it, live longer”.
- The theme highlights the need to increase awareness and access for all people in the Region to quality hypertension services.
- The first World Hypertension Day was observed on May 14, 2005, by the World Hypertension League.
- World Hypertension League is an umbrella organisation of 85 national hypertension societies.
- Hypertension is a condition in which, the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries is too high. Hypertension is usually understood as blood pressure levels that are above the 140/90 level and it is considered severe if the level is 180/120.
- High blood pressure is the main risk factor for cardiovascular diseases including coronary heart disease and stroke.
47th Statehood Day of Sikkim
⇒ Sikkim celebrated their Statehood Day on 16 May. This year Sikkim celebrated its 47th Statehood Day.
- Sikkim became the 22nd state of India on 16 May 1975 after the 36th amendment of the Constitution.
- The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. Sikkim was ruled by the Namgyal dynasty until 1975.
- Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the Union of India after 1947, and the Republic of India after 1950.
- After the Indo-Sikkimese treaty, India assumed responsibility for Sikkim’s external relations, defence and strategic communications.