Home » Current Affairs Date: 23 September 2022

Current Affairs Date: 23 September 2022

National

'ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operations Management (IS4OM)'

⇒ Union Minister of State (I/C) Science & Technology; Minister of State (I/C) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh inaugurated the “ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operation” (IS4OM) at ISRO Control Centre, in Bengaluru on 11 July 2022.

Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh dedicated the world’s first-ever facility ‘ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operations Management (IS4OM)’ to the nation dedicated to monitoring space debris and safeguarding assets in space.

Dr Jitendra Singh said, IS4OM facility will aid India in achieving its SSA (Space Situational Awareness) goals by providing a comprehensive and timely information of the Space environment to users.
    • This multi-domain awareness platform will bring a prompt, accurate and efficient information on on-orbit collision, fragmentation, atmospheric re-entry risk, space based strategic information, hazardous asteroids and space weather forecast.
Highlights:

» IS4OM is ISRO’s holistic approach to ensure the safety of our space assets and thus, sustains the utilization of outer space for national development.

» In response to ever-growing space object population and the risk of collisions in space-

    • It undertakes observation and monitoring of space objects and space environment, processing the observations for orbit determination, object characterization and cataloging, analysis of space environment evolution, risk assessment and mitigation, and, data exchange and collaboration.

» The system safeguards all Indian Space assets by mitigating the collisional threats from space objects through specific orbit maneuvers and complying to international guidelines on post mission disposal and satellite’s end-of-life operations.

President and Chief of Operations of Ashok Leyland

⇒ Ashok Leyland, a leading commercial vehicle manufacturer has appointed Ganesh Mani as its new President and Chief of Operations.

At Ashok Leyland, he will head the entire Operations that include Manufacturing and Sourcing & Supply Chain.

Career:

He has 7 patents / Copyrights to his credit for the special manufacturing processes. He is also currently serving as Vice Chairman – CII Chennai Zone.

International

Prime Minister of Kuwait

⇒ Kuwait’s Emir Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah issued a decree to appoint Sheikh Ahmad Nawaf Al Ahmed Al-Sabah as a new Prime Minister in July 2022.

Other Points:
    • The appointment of a new premier comes three months after former Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Khaled Hamad Al-Sabah submitted his resignation, the fourth in the past two years and a half.
    • Sheikh Mohammed is the fourth son of former Kuwaiti ruler, Sheikh Sabah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who ruled the Gulf country between 1965 and 1977.
    • He served as the Kuwait National Guard Deputy Commander between November 2020 and March 9, 2022.

27th edition of the United Nations’ World Population Prospects, 2022

⇒ The 27th edition of the United Nations’ World Population Prospects, 2022 was released on World Population Day i.e 11 July 2022.

    • According to the report, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023.
Highlights:
    • The global population will reach 8 billion on November 15, 2022, more than three times the population of 2.5 billion in 1950.
    • In 2022, China remains the most populous country in the world with 1,426 million, but India has caught up with a marginally less population of 1,412 million.
    • The UN report finds that in 2020, for the first time since 1950, the rate of population growth fell below 1 per cent per year and it is projected to continue to slow in the next few decades and through the end of this century.
    • The UN projections say that by 2050, India’s population will reach 1,668 million, far exceeding China’s declining population at 1,317 million. The global population by 2050 would have touched 9.7 billion.
    • Central and Southern Asia is expected to become the most populous region in the world by 2037.
    • In 2021, the average fertility of the world’s population stood at 2.3 births per woman, having fallen from about 5 births per woman in 1950. Global fertility is projected to decline further to 2.1 births per woman by 2050.
    • The population growth in South Asia will begin to decline before 2100.
    • Globally, life expectancy reached 72.8 years in 2019, an increase of almost 9 years since 1990. Further reductions in mortality are projected to result in an average longevity of around 77.2 years globally in 2050 and the share of the global population aged 65 years or above is projected to rise from 10 per cent in 2022 to 16 per cent in 2050.
    • By 2050, the number of persons 65 years and above are expected to be more than double that of 5-year-olds and the same as 12-year-olds.
    • The latest UN projections suggest that the global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in 2100.

Sports

2022 Austrian Grand Prix Formula 1 Race

⇒ The 2022 Austrian Grand Prix Formula 1 Race took place over, 71 laps of the 4.318-kilometre Red Bull Ring in Spielberg on July 10, 2022.

Winner:

Ferrari Driver, Charles Leclerc won 2022 Austrian Grand Prix (FORMULA 1 ROLEX GROSSER PREIS VON ÖSTERREICH 2022).

Important Day

World Population Day 2022

⇒ World Population Day is observed every year on July 11 to raise awareness about global population issues.

Theme:

The theme for World Population Day 2022 was “A world of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all – Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all”.

    • As per the UNPF, the world population will hit the eight billion mark in 2022.
Significance:

The United Nations General Assembly decided to observe World Population Day to enhance awareness of population issues, including their relations to the environment and development.

History:
    • World Population Day was established by the then-Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. On 11 July 1987 – the Day of Five Billion was observed when the world’s population was well above five billion.
    • In 1990, the day was recognised by the United Nations General Assembly. On July 11, 1990, the day was first observed in more than 90 nations. Since then, a number of UNFPA national offices as well as other organizations and institutions, in collaboration with governments and civil society, have observed World Population Day.

Source: PIB & Other News Reports

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