Global Hunger Index 2021 report has been released on October 14, 2021. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at global, regional, and national levels.
The report was prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe.
India is ranked 101 out of 116 countries in the 2021 Global Hunger Index. With a score of 27.5, India has a level of hunger that is serious.
In 2020, India was ranked 94th out of 107 countries.
» Neighboring countries like Sri Lanka (65), Nepal (76), Bangladesh (76), Myanmar (71) have moderate Hunger levels while Pakistan (92) has serious hunger level.
Global Hunger Index 2021 Rank:
» For the 2021 GHI report, data were assessed for 135 countries. Out of these, 2021 GHI scores and ranks have been calculated for 116 countries.
» For 19 countries, individual scores could not be calculated and ranks could not be determined owing to lack of data.
» The 18 countries with 2021 GHI scores of less than 5 are not assigned individual ranks, but rather are collectively ranked 1–18. Differences between their scores are minimal. Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, China, Croatia, Cuba are among the top 18 countries.
» Somalia is ranked 116th out of 116 countries in the 2021 Global Hunger Index. Somalia has the highest level of hunger. With a score of 50.8, Somalia has a level of hunger that is extremely alarming.
The GHI score is calculated on following four indicators:
- Undernourishment: the share of the population that is undernourished.
- Child Wasting: the share of children under the age of five who are wasted.
- Child Stunting: children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition.
- Child Mortality: the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
The GHI scores on a 100-point GHI Severity Scale, where 0 is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.
GHI Severity Scale:
- Low (≤ 9.9)
- Moderate (10.0–19.9)
- Serious (20.0–34.9)
- Alarming (35.0–49.9)
- Extremely alarming (≥ 50.0)