Recently, the Global Peace Index 2022 has been launched by the international think-tank the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP). It was the 16th edition of the Global Peace Index.
- The Global Peace Index 2022 ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness.
The GPI report covers 99.7% of the world’s population and uses 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace across three domains:
- The level of societal Safety and Security
- The extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict
- The degree of Militarisation
India's Ranking in Global Peace Index 2022:
India has climbed three places to 135th position out of 163 countries in the 2022 Global Peace Index. The index placed India in the “low” section in terms of peace with a score of 2.578.
India saw an improvement of 1.4 per cent in overall peacefulness over the past year, driven by an improvement in the “ongoing conflict” domain. However, the country saw an uptick in the violent crime and perceptions of criminality indicators.
Key findings of the Global Peace Index 2022:
- The average level of global peacefulness deteriorated by 0.3 per cent in the 2022 Global Peace Index. The main driver of the overall deterioration in peacefulness in 2022 was the Ongoing Conflict domain.
- In the past year, 90 countries recorded improvements in peacefulness, while 71 recorded deteriorations. Three countries recorded no change in their overall score.
- Of the 23 GPI indicators, ten recorded improvements and 13 recorded deteriorations.
- Iceland remains the most peaceful country, a position it has held since 2008.
- Afghanistan is the least peaceful country for the fifth year in a row.
- Europe is the most peaceful region in the world, where seven of the ten countries most peaceful countries are located.
- Among South Asian nations, Bhutan topped the peace index securing 19th rank.
- The US ranks 129th, recorded its lowest peacefulness rank since 2008. The UK is up two positions to rank at 34.
Top five countries:
Iceland (1st), New Zealand (2nd), Ireland (3rd), Denmark (4th) and Austria (5th)
Bottom five countries:
Afghanistan (163rd), Yemen (162nd), Syria (161st), Russia (160th) and South Sudan (159th)
Ranking of India’s Neighboring Countries:
Bhutan (19th), Nepal (73rd), China (89th), Sri Lanka (90th), Bangladesh (96th) and Pakistan (147th)
About the Institute for Economics and Peace:
IEP is an international and independent think tank dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable and tangible measure of human well-being and progress.